Uterine fibroid or myoma is a non-cancerous, benign growth in the uterus. They are also called fibromyoma, myofibroma and fibroleiomyoma.
Fibroids vary in size and in location, they may be Intra mural (inside the cavity), Submucosal (in the wall of the uterus), Subserosal (on the outer side of uterus) or in the cervix at times.
Fibroids are typically found during the middle and later reproductive years and commonly seen in overweight women.
The exact cause of Uterine Fibroid is still not clear but their growth appears to depend on increasing estrogen hormone levels. Genetic factors are known to include development of Uterine fibroids. Also, suppressed sexual desires and functions are often found to be one of the reasons in many patients.
The diagnosis is primarily done by an Ultrasound (USG) abdomen.